Saturday, March 14, 2020
Deinotherium - Facts and Figures Name: Deinotherium (Greek for terrible mammal); pronounced DIE-no-THEE-ree-um Habitat: Woodlands of Africa and Eurasia Historical Epoch: Middle Miocene-Modern (10 million to 10,000 years ago) Size and Weight: About 16 feet long and 4-5 tons Diet: Plants Distinguishing Characteristics: Large size; downward-curving tusks on lower jaw Ã About Deinotherium The deino in Deinotherium derives from the same Greek root as the dino in dinosaurthis terrible mammal (actually a genus of prehistoric elephant) was one of the largest non-dinosaur animals ever to roam the earth, rivaled only by contemporary thunder beasts like Brontotherium and Chalicotherium. Apart from its sizable (four to five ton) weight, the most notable feature of Deinotherium was its short, downward-curving tusks, so different from the usual elephant appendages that puzzled 19th-century paleontologists managed to reassemble them upside down.Ã Deinotherium wasnt directly ancestral to modern-day elephants, instead inhabiting an evolutionary side branch along with close relatives like Amebeledon and Anancus. The type species of this megafauna mammal, D. giganteum, was discovered in Europe in the early 19th century, but subsequent excavations show the course of its peregrinations over the next few million years: from its home base in Europe, Deinotherium radiated eastward, into Asia, but by the start of the Pleistocene epoch it was restricted to Africa. (The other two generally accepted species of Deinotherium are D. indicum, named in 1845, and D. bozasi, named in 1934.) Amazingly, isolated populations of Deinotherium persisted into historical times, until they either succumbed to changing climatic conditions (shortly after the end of the last Ice Age, about 12,000 years ago) or were hunted to extinction by early Homo sapiens. Some scholars speculate that these giant beasts inspired ancient tales of, well, giants, which would make Deinotherium yet another plus-sized megafauna mammal to have fired the imaginations of our distant ancestors (for example, the single-horned Elasmotherium may well have inspired the legend of the unicorn).
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Evans and Ogbu's Theories - Assignment Example Evans has identified that the Social Reproduction Theory has ignored the patterns of social structures and relationships; the theory states that "social action and interaction recreated the social structures and relationships over time and across space", which is objectionable because such social interactions have injected the elements of vanity, pride, fear, and hatred i.e. social exploitation and injustice. The Social Reproduction Theory has failed on the economic side, the theory has failed to justify and explain the existence of economic and social injustice, and rise in poverty even in the presence of interactive-social structures. This concept has been responsible for the increase in capital accumulation, which has deprived the underprivileged of recovery. Evan has suggested that the theory has failed "in the reproduction of the capital structures and the infrastructure that are necessary to carry on economic activity over time". Evan has identified the ignorance towards a biol ogical aspect of the human and social growth, the growth of human society is not by the virtue of social and economic structure, it shall include consideration towards "daily and generational parts of reproduction".The community and social factors have identified the integration of "anthropological and sociological theory". The Cultural Reproduction Theory has focused upon the relationship between the system and community forces, these forces are not proportional to each other however these certain share influence upon each other. The theory has explained that "system forces facilitated a set of communal responses which became strong enough instituted and widely enough shared to become community forces"; Evans has warned that irrespective of such system, any form of discrimination based upon cultural, racial and social heterogeneity, and shall inflict certain responses from involuntary minorities. Evans suggested that the theory has ignored the frequency of impact of specific social forces, such impact does not require "formative period to produce an everlasting result". The Cultural Reproduction Theory has discussed the influence of continuous changing community and system; however, it has failed to deliver significance and contribution of such special force/s. This theory has explained the translation of the cultural practices from family to family, and generation to generation; however, such translation has ignored the essence and role of the social forces which in the middle of the process have the capability to vary the translation or its interpretation. This theory has revealed the cultural reproduction based upon social influences but has ignored the notion of pluralism and convergence between varied cultural practices and perspectives.Ã
Monday, February 10, 2020
Field Project in a School - Personal Statement Example e) entertaining activities also proved to be effective such as literacy activity games like playing word search, boggle, ending words, site words, how to use the computer, E.S.A games, scrabble, smart boards, cursive writing and book reports. 3. Learning to write effectively prepares students for success in both the classroom and the outside world. Being able to express oneself well in writing can be a great source of power. I helped the students develop writing skills by applying interactive and effective methods. These include: a) writing exercises about topics that are close to the experiences of the students like their favorite junk food, pair of pants, first day of spring, what you are thankful for in your life, etc. or topics about special occasions such as Easter where they are asked to relate what they did on that special day with their family c) through excursions or trips where children were able to see plays or shows (like retumbia, Cinderella and Doctor Amelia Bedelia), and were asked to write their viewpoints about the show or they are taken to class trips to the museum of natural history to share what they saw and what was their favorite part of the place d) new spelling words for the week where students write the new words 5 times and make a sentence for each word e) research about Egyptians pyramids and its contents f) playing site word bingo g) writing letters to their parents or write letter to their teacher about what they did over the weekend. h) the five-sense taste test, the students write about their favorite ice cream flavor (vanilla, chocolate, and strawberry) and make a graph for it i) students practice writing their address on loose-leaf paper 3 times, this helps students learn how to prepare an address envelope j) story reading like "Dear Mr. Blueberry" by Simon James where students are required to write Mr. Blueberry with an address envelope k) the students are also taught to do persuasive writing l) students were taken to a field trip to Sony wonder technology laboratory and explored the communication and
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Future of Bioenergy Essay In moving towards the modern era, there are many things and aspects should be taken into account to guarantee that a country is in a stable condition and progress without investing too much money in the certain sectors. So, to ensure that the development of a country can run smoothly, the government needs to control the financial resources well and also they need to make sure the necessary resources provided to the public are adequate and meet the needs of the people in that country. One of the best ways to achieve the mission of creating a developing country in terms of economic development and environmentally friendly is by using the renewable energy systems where it can use to support the energy resources that cannot be renewed plus the amount of it, is getting reduced from time to time. By applying this good alternative method, it can save a million of money and leads the country to the Green Energy living way. There are large quantities of renewable energy resources that can be found in Ireland, but just part of these resources already been discovered and commercialized well in Ireland. To reduce the dependency on imported fuels, fossil fuels like oil, coal and natural gas and also reducing harmful greenhouse emission, sustainable alternative is recommended. Ã¢â¬Å"Renewable Energy,Ã¢â¬ 2012) As one of the easiest and best renewable energy to accommodate this strategy is by develop the Bioenergy as it can be a good resource to supply alternative energy and supply a significant proportion of the energy needs as well as provide a momentous proportion of energy needs, generate many public benefits for the country together with environmental enrichment, augmented variety of renewable alternatives and also regional economic development benefits. Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland or formally known as SEAI play a good role in this production. They do develop the renewable energy industry in Ireland by playing a leading role of transforming Ireland into a society based on sustainable energy structures, technologies and practices. (Ã¢â¬Å"About Us New,Ã¢â¬ 2012) Bio-Energy Bio-Energy is referring to the cellular material from living or dead organisms. It is an extensive resource and it can be divided into wastes and purpose grown material like so; I.Ã Waste streams including a small amount of forestry and related industries, recycled wood, agricultural residues and agrifood effluents, manures, the organic fraction of municipal solid waste, separated household waste and sewage slush. II. Purpose grown energy crops including short rotation forestry, Miscanthus grass, etc. (Ã¢â¬Å"Briefing Note on Biomass,Ã¢â¬ 2002) The EU Directive on Sustainable Electricity from RES (where they do the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market 2000/0116 (COD), 2001. defines biomass as including the biodegradable fraction of products, wastes and residues from agriculture (including vegetal and animal substances), forestry and related industries, as well as the biodegradable fraction of industrial and municipal waste. (Ã¢â¬Å"Briefing Note on Biomass,Ã¢â¬ 2002) It is perhaps worth noting here, in terms of the cross scattered nature of biomass as noted above, that The European Council Directive on Landfill of Waste (1999) requires Member States to formulate a strategy in favor of reducing the amount of biodegradable waste going to landfill. Under the Directive, landfill gas will have to be collected from all landfills receiving biodegradable waste and it will use to produce energy or be burned. Irish targets outlined by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) over a fifteen year time-scale include a 65% reduction in biodegradable wastes consigned to landfill, as well as an 80% reduction in methane emissions from landfill. Therefore, this directive points towards the increased utilization of landfill gas for energy in the near term while at the same time restricting its potential as a long term source of energy. Currently, there are few of the agencies who concern about the challenges that we face in our new era regarding to the reduction of non-renewable energy sources like coal, oil and natural gases. Lots of the strategic plan has already come out on upgrading the energy usage and also in consuming the renewable energy sources from the natural resources which are still available in our surroundings. By focusing more seriously in a few sources that have a great potential to cover up the non-renewable energy resource and also it has a better opportunity to become a great supplier in the renewable energy sources industry, Republic of Ireland come out with their own strategies. Plus, there are fewer of challenges that almost of the countries need to face it right now including Ireland. For example, they need to be struggling with the climate changes and the increasing of greenhouse gas emission which is one of the big issues among public, government of Ireland need to face with the rising of energy costs as they also facing with the falling competitiveness among the other countries because of the currency of the Euro is falling down. Other than that, they also depend more with the imported oil and other fossil fuels with the security of supply should be noted. From these things happens, it makes the life more complicated and tough. So, from here it leads the Ireland to move into the other step which is closer to making this country as one of the environmental safely places to live by developing the Bioenergy industry as one of the best alternative way to overcome those problems stated. As Ireland have a strong strategy and well arranged future planning to carry out the energy from a certain resources like agriculture wastes and recycled products, it can lead the country to achieve the best environment with a green environmental friendly. Based on the Bio-Energy Roadmap published by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI), Bio-Energy will be one the fundamental and essential element that will contribute more to IrelandÃ¢â¬â¢s future energy requirements and needs together provide significant economic and environmental benefits. From the words of Chief Executive Officer of SEAI; Prof. J Owen Lewis, he wrote that ; Ireland already has an active Bioenergy sector, with increasing use in industry, transport and in our homes. This is just the beginning. Much of the energy and climate debate focuses on short term goals, as it should. However, energy is a long term issue involving infrastructure and investment decisions with far-reaching consequences. There is, I believe, growing understanding of the changes we are facing and of the need to start acting now. I also think many people realize that, far from being purely a risk or a challenge, this process of change is a huge opportunity for Ireland. An export-oriented high value sector will find plenty of markets seeking to solve the same energy issues we face here in Ireland. Ireland is well-placed to be a leader in Bioenergy, but we must act if we are to secure this position. (J. Owen Lewis, 2010) So from the statement stated, it proves that Bioenergy got a great potential to be developed and build up more seriously. The point of view is how can we get into it in achieving the mission and goal as it is one of the best ways in Ireland to support the non-renewable energy in this country. The government and people should start to think it more seriously because of the non-renewable resources is not increasing from time to time but it will decrease from the next becoming years. From the diagram below, it shows that how the graph of the total energy primary demand scenario in Ireland that keeps increasing from 2010 to 2050 and this data are based on the data collection from 2010, 2020 NREAP; 2050 SEAI Bioenergy Roadmap. Diagram 1 : The total of Bioenergy demand scenario for an 80% reduction in CO2 emission by 2050. (2010, 2020 NREAP; 2050 SEAI Bioenergy Roadmap) Table 1 : The percentage of Bioenergy demand according to the sector provided in Ireland. (2010, 2020 NREAP; 2050 SEAI Bioenergy Roadmap) Based on the chart and and also the table shown above, we can see that the high demand of the Bioenergy industry is giving a positive responds and data. The value of the demand keeps increasing from year to year till it achieve a first phase of 2020 and at 2050, it shows that the percentage of every sector is attaining more than 20% of demand. From the explanation taken in the Bioenergy Roadmap 2010 Ã¢â¬â 2050, the bioenergy demand to 2050 has been forecast using specialist in-house modelling, with the impact of technology development considered to determine the primary bioenergy demand. The main goal of the 2050 model is to indicate the challenge and the need for an action if we are attending to achieve the internationality discussed of 80% reduction in CO2 emissions to curb global warming. What is presented in the Bioenergy Roadmap is just one possible scenario of how we can approach this challenge, and the contribution of bioenergy (Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI), 2010). There are few of key findings and conclusions that have been highlight in the planning of developing bioenergy industry in future, such as; I. Bioenergy have a good quality potential in being one of the best indigenously energy resources for the national country that can be use in providing necessity energy to the country until 2050 especially related with the few of sector like transportation, electricity generation and also heat. II. There are more than 3500ktoe of original resources that can be obtained for Bioenergy supply chain by 2050. III. Bioenergy is highly suitable for the inclusion of the national distribution energy network. IV. Bioenergy industry has a most excellent role in perpetuating rural area development and improvement of employment. V.Ã There will be more than 11 Mt of CO2 that can be reduced or abated every year. VI. Existing resources can be enhance rapidly through the policies and actions across energy, waste, forestry, agriculture and RDD. VII. Allocation of bioenergy can be maximized by giving full support and investing in research and innovation in developing the various of bioenergy technologies and processes. VIII. A complete established energy infrastructure will be minimized a cost of competitive bioenergy sector distribution and allocation. IX. Bioenergy industry will be supported in developing best practicing of management for energy purposes. X. Develop the existing systems of bioenergy that can maximize the utilization of available bio-mass. (Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI), 2010) By referring to the key findings stated in the SEAI Bioenergy Roadmap 2010 Ã¢â¬â 2050, the aims and missions in making the Bioenergy industry as one of the best potential alternatives that can support the existing non-renewable energy resources can be fully achieve if we can see the high potential of Bioenergy in the future and give full cooperation and support to realize it in the upcoming few years. So, let give full effort and show our support in making the Bioenergy industry as one of the best alternative way to accommodate the existing resources that from day to day it keep decreasing. Best strategies should BE come out and take over this problems, so that it can be realize in future for our own community purposes.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Outsourcing the Processing of Sensitive Information A current trend in business in the first-world (United States and Western Europe) is for the service sector to follow the lead of the manufacturing sector in looking to the global marketplace to find the lowest-cost means of production. That is, to lower costs and maximize profits, first-world service providers are increasingly seeking to outsource "knowledge worker" type tasks to countries with substantially lower labor costs. The type of work being exported includes telephone call-center support, data entry, the design and implementation of sophisticated software systems, tax preparation and financial bookkeeping. Of particular concern to privacy advocates is that exporting the work entails transmitting personal information about individuals across national boundaries. Much of this information is of a sensitive nature and may include: personal tax filings, credit history, medical history and banking records. As the premier destination for outsourced work, much sensitive information is sent to processing companies in India, where Bank of America (soon to be the second largest bank in the United States) is setting up a subsidiary and is already one of the largest clients of IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s two largest IT consulting companies  . Moreover, information is also being sent to other countries like Jamaica, where the major credit reporting company Equifax has been processing information for the past four years . Other countries with low labor costs, like Uruguay, Tunisia and Romania, are also being looked at as destinations for subcontracted work . Common to almost all countries with an educated, low-cost labor force is a general lack of a well-developed legal infrast... ... Framework for Ethical Decision Making, 2004, www.scu.edu, 24-Apr-04, <http://www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/decision/framework.html >. 11.Rachel konrad, "Sending jobs offshore bad for U.S. tax revenues," San Francisco Chronicle [San Francisco] 08-Apr-04: C5. 12.David Lazarus, "Outsourced UCSF notes highlight privacy risk," San Francisco Chronicle [San Francisco] 28-Mar-04: A1. 13.Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, www.cdt.org, 27-Apr-04, http://www.cdt.org/privacy/eudirective/EU_Directive_.html <http://www.cdt.org/privacy/eudirective/EU_Directive_.html >. 14.U.S. Department of Commerce, SafeHarbor, www.export.gov, 27-Apr-04, <http://www.export.gov/safeharbor/sh_overview.html >.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Wars and revolutions have been considered over the years as the most destructive choice that many nations have pushed through for the sake of fighting for their ideologies and interests. Just like the most aggressive natural disasters such as tsunamis, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions, wars can end the lives of millions of innocent people in just a snap. All those ruthless bombing, deafening shootouts, and inhumane treatments among fighting nations are killing the world in such worse ways than natural disasters. This makes war as one of the most hated, resented, and feared concepts. However, it has also become one of the most tackled topics and themes in literature, allowing those who never experienced it to see a glimpse of its nature and reality. In James William GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s article, Warrior Dreams, he talks about the feeling of being Ã¢â¬Å"unnamedÃ¢â¬ by a war that never became victorious. In the face of challenges and obstacles, this man who has been weakened by the fight seems to have formed illusions of invincible warrior heroes like Rambo, Dirty Harry and Jack Ryan (Gibson 625). An average and normal man would understand completely that the reality of being unmanned can be compared to a distressing situation in a manÃ¢â¬â¢s life where his greatest natural ability and strength are taken away: Ã¢â¬Å"Feeling unmanned by a war lost and by the rewriting of gender codes in the wake of the sexual revolution, millions of American men [Ã¢â¬ ¦] began to dream, to fantasize about the powers and features of another kind of man who could retake and reorder the worldÃ¢â¬ (Gibson 625). This would most certainly leave that person weak in his own awareness and belief; therefore, he will need something or someoneÃ¢â¬âeven an imaginary heroÃ¢â¬âfrom whom he can gain strength and an inspiration of invincibility. This, Gibson notes, can be one of the most potent roots of ruthless violence and inhumanity. Like many literary artists and sociologists who explored wars and revolutions in their works, Gibson admits that wars are practically naturally occurring events. He even claims that wars have divine histories as well Ã¢â¬â that during the ancient societies, even gods used wars as a way to set up the deified order of things: Ã¢â¬Å"These cosmogonic, or creation, myths posit a violent conflict between the good forces of order and the evil forces dedicated to the perpetuation of the primordial chaos. After the war in which the gods defeat the evil ones, they establish the Ã¢â¬Ësacred orderÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (Gibson 633). This claim, together with most of the academic claims about wars, implies that generally, wars are something which is innate in the tendencies of human beings and that war and violence appears to be never-ending exhibition of power by the humansÃ¢â¬âa power that they think they own. There are a lot of current issues and happenings that can be related to GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective on war and violence. Aside from the seemingly unending wars and violent acts rooted in religious conflicts and ideological clashes, GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s discussion on the nature and reality of war and violence can also be exemplified in the case of a ruthless shooting in school done by mere adolescent boys rattled the entire nation Ã¢â¬â a nightmare that they never imagined to ever occur. It was a perfect spring morning in the fields of the Columbine High School in Jefferson County, Colorado. As the investigation revealed, the deaths of 13 innocent people were indeed done by two boys by the name of Eric Harris, 18 years of age and Dylan Klebold, 17 (Bradley). The two started packing their rigging weapons and bombs in their duffel bags on the morn of April 20, 1999. After preparing their weapons and god-knows-what, they headed to Columbine High School. It was past 11 in the morning when the first set of gunshots were heard by the students from the cafeteria and they immediately scooted under the table to protect themselves from what they cannot deny as danger. What followed next was a series of pointless, cold-blooded shooting and bombing by the two young gunmen. The police were immediately present in the area; however, they were not able to protect the lives of 13 innocent people who fell dead. After the shootings and bombing, when the police and the SWAT were finally ready to enter the campus, the gunmen, Harris and Klebold, ended their own lives. This was just one of the most gruesome and distressing violent acts the whole of America has witnessed over the years. However, what disturbed most Americans about this incident was the involvement of two young people as the gunmen themselves. After the incident, a lot of harsh critics passed the blame onto the media industry for their irresponsible broadcasting and insufficient monitoring and control with the messages and content they convey. A lot of parents not just grieved but also blamed every possible medium which they think has contributed to the growth of violent materials in the mass media industry and consequently affected the behavior of children. However, even to this date, no one can be really certain about what went on in Harris and KleboldÃ¢â¬â¢s minds to do such a thing. But considering GibsonÃ¢â¬â¢s discussion on the nature and reality of wars and violence, one could infer that these two boys just had an urge of power exhibition in false knowing and understanding that they can control and change the order of the world. Works Cited Bradley, Ed. Ã¢â¬Å"What Really Happened At Columbine? Ã¢â¬ CBS News. 17 April 2001. 9 July 2009. . Gibson, James Wilson. Ã¢â¬Å"Warrior Dreams. Ã¢â¬ Title of the Book. Ed. First Name Last Name. Location: Publisher, Year. 625Ã¢â¬â633.
Monday, January 6, 2020
The queen of the United KingdomÃ¢â¬âQueen Elizabeth II, as of July 2018Ã¢â¬âis the head of state in Canada by virtue of Canadas former status as a colony of Great Britain. Before her, the Canadian head of state was her father, King George VI. The queens powers as head of state are exercised on her behalf by the governor-general of Canada, except when the queen is in Canada. The governor-general, like the queen, remains outside of politics because the role of head of state in Canada is largely ceremonial. Governors general and lieutenant governors are considered representatives of, and therefore subordinate to, the head of state as opposed to being subordinate to the head of government, who in Canada is the prime minister. What the Head of State Does In contrast to the head of state in a presidential system such as that of the United States, the queen of Canada is considered the personification of the state rather than having an active political role. Technically speaking, the queen doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t Ã¢â¬Å"doÃ¢â¬ as much as she is. She serves a mostly symbolic purpose, remaining neutral on political matters. As outlined by the Canadian Constitution, the governor-general, working on behalf of the queen, has a variety of important responsibilities, from signing all bills into law, to calling elections, to inaugurating the elected prime minister and his or her cabinet. In reality, the governor-general performs these duties symbolically, generally giving a royal assentÃ to every law, appointment, and proposal of the prime minister. The Canadian head of state does, however, hold constitutional powers known as emergency reserve powers, which separate the head of state and the head of governmentÃ to ensure the proper functioning of Canadas parliamentary government.Ã In practice, these powers are very rarely exercised. Powers of the Head of State The queen has the power to: Appoint and dismiss the prime ministerAppoint and dismiss other ministersSummon and dissolve parliamentMake war and peaceCommand the armed forcesRegulate the civil serviceRatify treatiesIssue passportsCreate peers, both life peers and hereditary peers While ministers, legislators, police, public servants, and members of the armed forces swear allegiance to the queen, she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t directly govern them. Canadian passports are issued Ã¢â¬Å"in the name of the queen,Ã¢â¬ for example. The primaryÃ exception to the queenÃ¢â¬â¢s symbolic, nonpolitical role as head of state is her ability to grant immunity from prosecution and pardon offenses before or after a trial. CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s Current Head of State, Queen Elizabeth II Elizabeth II, crowned queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand in 1952, is the longest-reigning sovereign in Canadas modern era. She is head of the Commonwealth, a federation of countries including Canada, and is the monarch of 12 countries that have become independent during her reign. She acceded to the throne following the death of her father, George VI, who had served as king for 16 years. In 2015, she surpassed her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, as the longest-reigning British monarch and the longest-reigning queen and female head of state in history.